Dr. Richard Gray, assistant professor of French, has published an essay entitled “Writing from the Left Bank: Reading Richard Wright’s Native Son and The Outsider against the Backdrop of Communism and French Existentialism” in the collection Black Writers and the Left. Ed. Kristin Moriah. (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013): 45-63. In his essay, playing on a double meaning of the phrase "Writing from the Left Bank" signifying leftist writing and the fact that Wright was influenced by Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus during his interactions with the two important French literary figures on the Rive Gauche (Left Bank) of Paris, Gray portrays Richard Wright as the world's first Afroexistentialist.